Скачать / Download - Barron's IELTS. Lougheed Lin. (, 4th., p.) (pdf; mp3). Barron’s IELTS Practice Exams – Most up-to-date review and practice tests currently available. Cambridge IELTS 13 Academic & General Training With Answers With Audio. Cambridge Practice Tests for IELTS Series (1 – 13) Student’s Book with Answers with Audio [Latest Update]. Barron's Ielts PDF - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. IELTS preparation course.
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Prepare For IELTS is a book of practice iELTS exams. to help students wilh their preparation Prepa. BARRON's IELTS Practice Exam. Pages·· Скачать бесплатно учебный курс для подготовки к экзамену IELTS - International English Language Testing System Barrons IELTS Download for free . Download Barron's Essential Words For The IELTS With PDF & Audio File. This book offers English words that relate to specific categories.
C at the end of the aisle. C encourage shoppers to walk in certain directions. B keeping the doors closed. C lowering the prices. B slow customers down. C make customers shop faster. B bakeries. C clothing stores. They traveled1 as far west as Newfoundland in present-day Canada, and as far east as Baghdad. By , the Vikings were settling Iceland.
They forced the English king to acknowledge their control of much of England under the so-called Danelaw. The Vikings remained a major power in Ireland until the early eleventh century. To the south, the Vikings conquered France, moving swiftly up rivers in long boats, powered by oar and sail. From to , they surged up the Seine to attack Paris three times. Farther south, in , the Vikings had raided Portugal and Spain, then largely controlled by Arab Moors. A fleet of Viking ships seized Lisbon and boldly 1British: However, the Moors dealt them a rare defeat.
The Moors catapulted flaming projectiles onto the Viking vessels, forcing a retreat. Still other Vikings sailed much farther, to raid Morocco, then to the eastern Mediterranean and beyond. Many of these Vikings enlisted with the military forces of the Byzantine Empire, the Greek-speaking successors to the Roman Empire. In , hundreds of Varangians served as marines during a Byzantine naval assault on the island of Crete. Varangians battled Arab forces in Syria in , and even fought in Jerusalem.
So many men left Scandinavia for the Byzantine Empire that, to stem the outflow, Sweden passed a law denying inherited property to anyone serving under the Byzantines. The Vikings of Sweden, meanwhile, were moving out of Scandinavia to the east and south. They journeyed through the Baltic Sea, then built inland trading posts in Germany and Poland. Viking merchants on horseback penetrated far into the Asian heartland, trading with towns on the Caspian and Black seas.
The most significant settlements were in Russia and Ukraine. In , Vikings settled in the town of Novgorod, in northwestern Russia. It became the capital of a country called Rus, after the Finnish name for the Swedes. Another important Viking market town was Bulgar, on the Volga River. There, merchants peddled honey, wax, amber, and steel swords. They also traded hazelnuts, fish, cattle, and falcons. Another commodity was slaves, many of them Slavs from Eastern Europe.
The merchants eagerly exchanged their goods for Arab silver coins. In Sweden, archeologists1 have excavated about , such coins, minted in such distant cities as Cairo and Tashkent.
Like their Danish and Norwegian relatives, the Swedish Vikings traveled to the most exotic realms. They took part in the Silk Road trade with India and China. Archeological evidence shows that Viking traders even traveled by camel caravan to Baghdad. Write your answers on lines 1—5 ton your answer sheet. Questions Complete the summary using the list o f words, A -O , below.
Other groups of Vikings raided areas of Portugal and Spain. Large numbers of Vikings left Scandinavia for the Byzantine Empire, and many of these joined the Byzantine military. Groups of Swedish Vikings crossed the Baltic Sea to explore the lands beyond.
After settling in northwest Russia, they expanded their territories toward the south. Dyslexics have difficulty connecting visual symbols i. Many people who suffer from dyslexia also have trouble with enunciation, organization,1 and short-term memory. Dyslexia is the most common learning disability in children. It is not related to intellectual ability, vision, or access to education.
Approximately percent of school-age children in North America suffer from the condition, with each case varying in severity. Children are generally diagnosed with dyslexia during the elementary school years when they are learning how to read and spell. Determining the definite cause of dyslexia is a difficult task since studies of the morphology of the brain are generally conducted in an autopsy.
W hen reading, for example, one eye focuses on the beginning of the word and the other focuses on the end. This theory could explain why dyslexics have difficulty reading. These reversals are normal for children under the age of six, but indicate a problem if they persist beyond the early elementary grades. Neurological research points to tiny flaws in the dyslexic brain called ectopias and microgyria. These flaws alter the structure of the cortex, the area of the brain that is responsible for connecting visual and audio processing.
Genetic research, often in the form of twins studies, shows that dyslexia may be passed on in families. Though most children are not diagnosed with dyslexia until they enter the school system, there are some early signs of the disability.
Properly screening children for dyslexia is important since other factors can limit reading abilities, including vision or hearing impairment, anxiety, or other neurological problems. Phonological training, which involves identifying and separating sound patterns, is the most common form of therapy used in the school system.
Depending on the severity of the disorder, dyslexic children are pulled from regular classroom activities in order to work one-on-one with a language specialist. Improvements in visual focus can sometimes be achieved when students are given an eye patch to wear while they learn to read. Encouraging children to use many senses while reading also has proven benefits. Though it is properly classified as a learning disability, dyslexia is commonly mistaken for a behavioral1 disorder.
Some studies show that attention deficit disorder co-occurs with dyslexia in up to 50 percent of cases. Other learning disabilities are neurologically linked to dyslexia, including dyscalculia, dysgraphia, and dyspraxia. People who suffer from dyscalculia can usually perform difficult mathematical tasks, but have trouble with formulas or basic addition and subtraction. Dysgraphia prevents people from writing in an organized manner.
Dyspraxia impedes the performance of routine tasks that involve balance and fine motor skills. The earlier children are diagnosed with dyslexia, the more likely they are to overcome their disabilities and progress to adult reading levels. Many studies show that children who are diagnosed after grade three have a much lower chance of eliminating the symptoms of dyslexia.
Some dyslexics, especially those who are not diagnosed as children, naturally develop their own coping mechanisms such as an increased visual memory. In some instances, dyslexics develop keen spatial and visual abilities that prepare them for very specialized careers. On lines 14—20 on your answer sheet write: J 17 There is a tendency for dyslexia between twins.
Academic Module-Practice Test 2 18 Scientists are looking for a drug treatment for dyslexia. Questions 2 1 -2 3 Which o f the following are signs o f dyslexia mentioned in the passage? A learning to talk at a later than normal age B trouble with new vocabulary C leaving big spaces between words D problems following directions E difficulty turning the pages of a book F inability to give commands Which ofthe following are treatmentsfor dyslexia mentioned in the passage?
Catastrophe Theory A In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, the popular theory among Earth scientists was that a number of major catastrophes had taken place over a relatively short period of time to give Earth its shape. Uniformitarians rejected the idea that cataclysmic events could shape the Earth so quickly, and instead proposed the theory that the key to the present is the past. Charles Darwin later based his work on the idea, by developing his theory of evolution.
In , a discovery in Italy gave scientists a reason to reconsider the discarded theories of catastrophism. Geologist Walter Alvarez discovered a clay layer in the K-T boundary that intrigued him.
The geologist with the help of his father Luis Alvarez, a prominent physicist, analyzed the clay for heavy metals. Samples taken from the K-T boundary in other parts of the world were examined, with the same findings. According to their hypothesis, the iridium in the K-T boundary was caused by an asteroid or a comet that hit Earth near the end of the Cretaceous period, over 65 million years ago.
They also proposed that the impact would have raised enough dust to block the sun and cool Earth, which in turn would have prevented photosynthesis. This chain reaction would have led to the extinction of plants and animals. The main reason that the Alvarez theory took hold so quickly in both the world of science and the public realm, was that it could account for the extinction of the dinosaurs at the end of the Cretaceous period.
E Events that have occurred on Earth in the last years or more have proved to geologists that not all processes are gradual. Major rivers have flooded areas in a matter of days, and volcanoes have erupted, causing mass devastation.
Modern research on fossils even supports the theory of a marine catastrophe, not unlike the legends and stories among many peoples of great floods.
Some scientists believe that animal remains found within the layers of sedimentary rock may have been casualties of such a flood. Sedimentary rock is made up of layers such as sandstone and limestone and is created by water movement. In addition, some scientists propose that the glacial ice sheet that once spread out across North America melted catastrophically rather than having a slow glacial retreat. Deep erosion up to meters wide was discovered along the bottom of some of the Great Lakes.
The idea that the moon was formed as a result of catastrophic events is a related field of study and one that has been debated for decades. Write the correct letter, A —K, on lines 27—32 on your answer sheet.
Which paragraph mentions the following information? Write the correct letter, A —F, on lines 33—39 on your answer sheet. You may use any paragraph more than once. B catastrophic events occur regularly on the moon. C a major catastrophe caused the dinosaurs to disappear. Answer Academic Module-Practice Test 2 sheets can be found beginning on page The graph below shows the percentage o f urban!
Because o f the busy pace o f modern life, many children spend most o f their time indoors and have little exposure to the natural world. How important is it for children to learn to understand and appreciate nature? Part 1 When and how much leisure time do you generally have in a week? Who do you generally spend your leisure time with? What are some activities you enjoy in your leisure time?
What do you like about these activities? What kinds of music do you like listening to? Have you learned to play a musical instrument? Tell me about any traditional music in your country. Do you think that traditional music will be popular in the future? Why do you think they are popular?
What can we learn from watching movies? How are movies different from live theater1? How do you think movies will be different in the future? Sunday Yoga Eliot Monday Reading 1 1. The last thing you want to do is try to feed any of them. One is your required portfolio. B The student teacher asks about the person who will sign the agreement form, and the advisor explains that it is the supervising teacher.
Choices A and C are the speakers. Choice C is the opposite of what the speaker says. Choice B is mentioned with the scent of baking bread, not vanilla. Practice Test 2-Answer Explanations Academ ic Module— Practice Test 2 75 5.
D Paragraph 1: H Paragraph 3: G Paragraph 6: B Paragraph 7: O Paragraph 8: C Paragraph 9: K Paragraph Genetic research with twins is mentioned, but a tendency for dyslexia between twins is not. There is no mention of drug treatment for dyslexia. Paragraph 6 explains that dysgraphia describes difficulty with writing; difficulty with math is called dyscalculia. B Paragraph 3: D Paragraph 3: K Paragraph A: F Paragraph A: A Paragraph A: G Paragraph B: B Paragraph B: D Paragraph B: C Paragraph F: Choice B is confused with the debate over whether the moon was Practice Test 2-Answer Explanations formed through a series of catastrophic events.
By the end of that time, over one half of urban and suburban households and one third of rural households had Internet access. In , relatively few households in the region had Internet access.
The following year, Internet access in urban and suburban households had doubled, and 30 percent of households had it. During that same time, Internet access in rural households increased only slightly, to around 5 percent.
Over the next few years, Internet access continued to increase in both urban and suburban and in rural households. Then, between and , the percentage of households with Internet access remained more or less steady at close to 50 percent.
Meanwhile, the percentage of rural households with Internet access continued to grow steadily and reached 35 percent by Without balance in the natural world, we would not survive.
We depend on nature for the food we eat, the air we breathe, and the materials we use to build our houses and make our clothing. Everything in the natural world is interdependent. If something goes wrong with one thing, it affects everything else in the environment. When nature is out of balance, animals start losing their food sources and habitat. This eventually affects our food sources and other natural resources that we depend on.
When we understand that air and water pollution destroy parts of the natural environment, we may be more careful about our actions. We may try to create less garbage. We might support laws that require industries to reduce the amount of pollution they create. Parents should encourage their children to play outside.
They should encourage them to notice the wild plants and animals around them. Schools should devote part of the curriculum to environmental studies, starting with the earliest grades. Our future survival depends on it.
PART 1 When and how much leisure time do you generally have in a week? I have a normal work schedule, nine to five, Monday through Friday, so my leisure time is in the evenings and on the weekends. I spend my evenings at home with my family. I rarely see other people during the week. On weekends we might get together as a family with other families that have children the same age as ours. Sometimes on weekends I have the chance to spend time with my own friends, without my family.
On weekends we often enjoy going to the movies together. We also spend time at the park if the weather is nice. I enjoy my children. What kinds o f music do you like listening to?
I listen to music to relax, so I generally like slow, quiet music. When I was a child, I took piano lessons for about a year. But I like listening to other people play music. We mostly hear traditional music on holidays or at special festivals.
Some of the songs are very pretty. There are some traditional dances that go with the music, but hardly anyone knows them anymore. These days our traditional music is played only by certain musicians who specialize in it. Not many people know how to play it or know the songs. Unfortunately, it may soon die out. It takes place more than years ago.
She goes to live with an elderly relative in a big house in the country. There she discovers a garden that no one is allowed to enter. I saw the movie with my husband and children a few weeks ago. I really enjoyed this movie. It shows them some sad things in life— loneliness and loss, and some good things as well— friendship and gardens. Rather, it was a well-done movie with a good story. My children enjoyed it too and it gave us a lot to talk about afterward.
Romantic movies seem to be popular, and I think they always have been. From some movies we can learn about life in other places and other times, but we have to be careful about that because not all movies are factual.
How are movies different from live theater? A movie is filmed in a real setting and can use real scenery not only to tell the story but also to Practice Test 2-Answer Explanations convey mood, foreshadow events, and other things.
Watching live theater is quite different from watching a movie, but I enjoy them both. I think in the future movies will make much more use of computers. There will probably be more animated films. Special effects will be more elaborate and will probably be used a lot more. There will still be romance movies, action movies, sad movies, spy thrillers, all the same kinds of movies we enjoy now. Information for Candidates 1 There are 40 questions on this question paper. Number of nights: Read 24 B.
Get 26 D. Get together to Prepare 29 G. Give If you cannot do a particular question, leave it and gc on to the next. Questions 1 -7 The following reading passage has seven sections, A -G. Choose the correct heading for each section from the list o f headings below. Write the correct number, i—x, on lines 1—7 on your answer sheet. There are more headings than sections, so you will not use them all. Rather than taking a single picture as in an X ray, a CT scanner sends several beams into an area and takes photographs from many different angles.
Creating a scanner that could produce images at a faster rate was crucial in the development of tomography, as it reduced the degree of distortion in an image caused when patients breathed and moved. C During a CT scan, a patient must lie still on a special table while the radiology technician locates the specific area that needs to be photographed.
The table slides into a round tunnel gantry , where it can be rotated or moved forward and backward in order to obtain the necessary view. Inside the donut-shaped1 machine, a number of X rays are taken, each producing a small slice of the image that doctors require. When passing through dense tissue such as a bone, the X-ray beams are weak and appear white in the CT images. Tissues such as those found in the brain are less dense and appear gray.
Images that appear black denote organs such as lungs or others that can fill with air. D The CT scanner is made up of several computer systems, including the host computer, which organizes2 the entire process.
One of the computers converts the raw data into an image, while another allows the technician to control the rotation of the gantry. After the information is processed, it is displayed on a monitor for radiologists and physicians to analyze. E Physicians order CT scans for a number of different reasons, including searching for and assessing tumors, cysts, kidney stones, and bone injuries.
Brain, chest, and abdominal CT scans are the most common, though physicians also rely on the CT scanner to guide their needles while draining an abscess or performing a biopsy. F In many cases, a patient must be given a contrast material before undergoing a CT scan. The liquid X-ray dye makes it easier to see the organs and blood vessels when the pictures are developed. Patients who receive contrast material in the arm often report feeling a warm sensation, and in rare cases an allergic reaction occurs.
Contrast material causes water loss and is avoided when scanning patients who suffer from kidney failure. G The danger of radiation exposure caused by X-ray beams is generally considered minimal compared to the benefits that a CT scan can provide. Pregnant women are excluded from receiving CT scans, as the X rays can be harmful to the fetus.
When pregnant woman require an evaluation, most physicians favor using other procedures such as an ultrasound or an MRI. Questions 8—10 Which o f the following are falets about the original C T scanner mentioned in the passage? A It made it difficult for patients to breathe.
B It was created to take pictures of the brain. C It was much bigger than current CT scanners. D It was developed in E It took several hours to produce a completed image. F It produced images in color. A They are bright in color. B They can be given by injection. C They have a bitter taste. D They might cause a feeling of warmth in the arm. E They are administered only by a specially trained technician. F They may cause allergies in a few patients. Nineteenth-Century Paperback Literature A publishing craze that hit both America and England from the mid- to late nineteenth century attracted the readership of the semiliterate working class.
In America, dime novels typically centered on tales of the American Revolution and the Wild West, while British penny bloods later called penny dreadfuls told serial tales of horror or fictionalized1 versions of true crimes. The industrial revolution facilitated the growth of literacy, making it easier to print and transport publications in large quantities, thus providing inexpensive entertainment for the masses.
Throughout the nineteenth century, commoners in England were becoming educated through normal schools, church schools, and mutual instruction classes, and by the s, approximately 75 percent of the working class had learned to read. In , the Forster Education Act made elementary education mandatory for all children. Struggling authors, many of whom had limited writing and storytelling skills, suddenly found an audience desperate to read their work. Successful authors, some of whom wrote over 50, words a month, were able to earn a decent living at a penny per word.
From the s to s, penny bloods featured tales of gore that often depicted the upper class as corrupt.
One of the most beloved characters from the penny blood serials was Sweeney Todd. In the original story, String o f Pearls: A Romance, published in , Sweeney Todd was a demon barber who used his razor to torture his victims before turning them into meat pies. The Fiend o f Fleet Street. W ith no copyright laws, authors were always at risk of having their ideas pilfered. The Sweeney Todd story also made its way into musicals and comedies.
Despite the warning from Lord Shaftsbury that the paperback literature was seducing middle-class society into an unproductive life of evil, the penny bloods grew in popularity. They provided a literary voice for commoners at an affordable price. Eventually, penny bloods became known as penny dreadfuls and began to focus more on adventure than horror. The Indian Wife o f the White Hunter, by Anne Stephens, had originally been published twenty years earlier as a series in a magazine.
In novel form, approximately , copies of the story were sold in the first year, paving the way for the new fad in America.
Many dime novels were written as serials with recurring characters, such as Deadwood Dick, Commander Cody, and Wild Bill. As urbanization3 spread, stories of the Wild West were in less demand, and tales of urban outlaws became popular. At that time, dime novels were chosen for their illustrated covers rather than their sensational stories and characters. Despite their popularity, by the late s dry goods stores were so full of unsold books that prices dropped to less than five cents per copy.
Many titles that could still not sell were given away or destroyed. The International Copyright Law, passed by Congress in , required publishers to pay royalties to foreign authors.
Selling at less than five cents a copy, the paperback industry was doomed until the arrival of pulp paper. On lines 14—19 on answer sheet write: Questions 2 0 -2 3 Match each year with the event that occurred during that year. Choose the correct event, A -F , from the box below and write the correct letter on lines 20—23 on your answer sheet.
There are more events than years, so you will not use them all. On lines 24—2 7 on your answer sheet write: Cosmic Black Holes In , the English scientist Isaac Newton published his monumental work, Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica Mathematical Principles o f Natural Philosophy , containing his theory of gravitation and the mathematics to support it. Astronomers found that it accurately predicted all the observable data that science at that time was able to collect, with one exception— a very slight variation in the orbit of the planet Mercury around the sun.
The results predicted astronomical observations exactly and provided the first proof of his theory. Expressing it very simplistically, the general theory of relativity presumes that both matter and energy can distort space—time and cause it to curve. What we commonly call gravity is in fact the effect of that curvature. Due to this, they can be studied only by inference based on observations of their effect on the matter—both stars and gases1— around them and by computer simulation.
In particular, when gases are being pulled into a black hole, they can reach temperatures up to 1, times the heat of the sun and become an intensely glowing source of X rays. Because observations of event horizons are difficult due to their relatively small size, even less is known about them than about black holes themselves.
Black holes exist in three sizes. Compact ones, called star-mass black holes and which have been known to exist for some time, are believed to be the result of the death of a single star. When a star has consumed itself to the point that it no longer has the energy to support its mass, the core collapses and forms a black hole. Shock waves then bounce out, causing the shell of the star to explode.
In a way that is not yet understood, the black hole may then reenergize2 and create multiple explosions within the first few minutes of its existence. So-called super- massive black holes, also well documented, contain the mass of millions or even billions of stars. And just recently one intermediate black hole, with about times the mass of the sun, has been discovered.
Current scientific data suggest that black holes are fairly common and lie at the center of most galaxies.
Academic Module-Practice Test 3 It is thought that the first black holes came into existence not long after the big bang. Newly created clouds of gases slowly coalesced into the first stars. As these early stars collapsed, they gave rise to the first black holes. This allowed them to grow into the super-massive black holes that now sit in the centers of galaxies. However, a new computer 1British: The new simulations do not definitively invalidate the seed theory, but they make it far less likely.
On the other hand, it is known that black holes a billion times more massive than our sun did exist in the early universe. It has become practically a hallmark of the research on black holes that with each new study, more is known, more theories are generated, and yet more questions are raised than answered.
Questions 28—34 Complete each sentence with the correct ending, A —N, below. Write the correct letter, A —N, on lines 28—34 on your answer sheet.
B suggested the presence of black holes in outer space. C when a single star collapses. D difficult to study. E barely visible light.
Academic Module-Practice Test 3 F an inescapable gravitational pull. G did not apply to most astronomical bodies. H by direct observation. J caused doubt about the existence of black holes. K lose visibility. L become very hot. M with large event horizons. N at the center of each black hole. A c a d e m ic M odule Questions 3 5 a n d 3 6 Choose the correct letter, A, B, or C, in boxes 35 and 3 6 on your answer sheet.
B in most galaxies. C close to the sun. B one of thousands of black holes orbiting Earth. C a well-known compact black hole.
Questions 3 7 -4 0 Do the following statements agree with the information given it the passage? On lines 37—40 on your answer sheet, write: The charts below show degrees granted in differentfields at the National University in the years , , and Summarize1the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
A ll children should study a foreign language in school starting in the earliest grades. Part 1 Describe a place in your city or town where you like to go in your free time.
Why do you like to go there? Is it a popular place for people in your city? Describe a park in your neighborhood or city. What are some things people can do there? Do you enjoy spending time there? Are parks important? Part 2 Describe a hobby you enjoy doing. What the hobby is What materials or tools you need for it How you learned to do it and explain why you enjoy it You will have one to two minutes to talk about this topic.
Part 3 Why do people have hobbies? Are there any hobbies you think are not worthwhile? What can we learn from hobbies? Is it important to teach hobbies to children?
Alcott was born. Hill Park Bay Bridge Green Street questionnaire Inheritance May died. Alcott died. Reading 1. A No Not Given 8. True 9. The woman spells her last name. The woman gives her credit card number, and the man repeats the last four digits. C The woman says she loves shopping, and the man directs her to a shopping mall. F The woman asks about a place to eat lunch, and the man tells her about a nearby restaurant.
G The woman says that she will walk in the park after having lunch at the restaurant. C The woman says that she will be arriving after Choice B is how late the subways run.
H ill Park. Bay Bridge. Green Street.
Student 1 suggests the shopping mall, and Student 2 agrees. They will conduct fifteen interviews each to meet the required total of thirty. The students discuss reading a government study so that they can compare their results to the government study results.
It was called The Inheritance. The following year, she enlisted as an army nurse. A year later, May died. Section A explains the origin and development of the CT scanner. Section B talks about how CT scanners were developed to work faster so that images were less distorted and patients were more comfortable. Section C explains the process of getting X-ray images of the patient. Section D explains the computer systems used for CT scans. Section E talks about the different circumstances for which CT scans are used.
Section G talks about possible dangers to patients receiving CT scans. A cadem ic Module— Practice Test 3 8. B Section A: D Section A: E Section B: B Section F: D Section F: F Section F: A Paragraph 1: C Paragraph 2: F Paragraph 3: A Romance, published in , Sweeney Todd.
E Paragraph 5: I Paragraph 1: L Paragraph 3: D Paragraph 4: B Paragraph 6: Choice C is confused with the mention of the sun, but it is used to describe the size, not the location, of a back hole. Choice B uses words from the paragraph, but black holes do not orbit Earth. The big bang is mentioned, but the time of its occurrence is not. Paragraph 7: This allowed them to grow into the super-massive black holes. The percentage of the total degrees granted for each field changes over the three years shown.
In , Business and Computer Science were the most popular fields of study. Thirty percent of the degrees granted were in Business, and another 30 percent were in Computer Science. Medicine accounted for 25 percent of the degrees, and Law accounted for only 15 percent. The figures changed somewhat in Business had dropped to 20 percent, and Law had dropped to 10 percent. Medicine accounted for 30 percent of the degrees.
In , an even greater percentage of students had earned Computer Science degrees, with 45 percent of the total degrees in this field. Business and Medicine had both lost popularity, dropping to 15 percent and 25 percent of the total degrees granted, respectively.
Law, on the other hand, had gone back up to 15 percent of the total degrees granted. The only field that consistently grew in popularity in the time period shown was Computer Science. Learning how to communicate with people in other countries is very important in the modern world, and we need to speak different languages in order to do this.
Childhood is the best time to learn foreign languages. Modern technology has made the world smaller. By airplane, we can travel to faraway countries in just a few hours. With the Internet, we can communicate instantly with people on the other side of the world. None of these activities are new, but thevj have become easier to do and more common because of modern technol- ogy. Therefore, it is now more important than ever to know how to speak one, two, or more foreign languages.
To learn a foreign language well, it is best to start in childhood. Children are eager to absorb new information. Children can learn to speak foreign languages as well as their native language.
It is difficult to learn a foreign language quite as well if you start studying it at a later age. Therefore, the best way to learn a foreign language is to start studying it during the first years of school. The healthy future of our planet depends on people everywhere being able to communicate well. Teaching children to speak foreign languages from the first years of school will go a long way toward achieving this goal.
PART 1 Describe a place in your city or town where you like to go in your free time. It has hundreds of stores of all different kinds.
It also has restaurants, clubs, and movie theaters. It also has a couple of areas kind of like indoor parks where you can sit on benches and watch a water fountain.
I like to go there because there are so many different things to do. Whatever I may need to download, I can download it there. We have our choice of restaurants, movies, and clubs. The parking garage is very crowded and sometimes I spend a long time 3-Answer Explanations driving around looking for an empty spot. That really annoys me. They should have a system to let people know where the empty spaces are so we can go right to them without driving around and around.
The main reason is because there are so many different things to do and download there. We live in a cold climate, and the winters can be very, very cold. No one likes to walk around outside then. A c a d e m ic M o d u le — P ra ctice Test 3 Describe a park in your neighborhood or city. It has a fountain in the middle and a few benches where you can sit and relax.
It also has a small garden. Some of the local neighbors plant flowers there every year. You can sit on the benches and watch the water in the fountain. You can enjoy the flowers. Yes, I like to go there when the weather is nice. After being inside all day at work, I like to go to the park on my way home.
Sometimes I run into friends there. Parks are very important in the city. Larger parks also provide places for outdoor sports. Without parks, it would be difficult to do any outdoor activities in a city.
I do watercolor paintings, so the materials I need are paint and brushes, water, and special watercolor paper. I learned to paint by taking classes. When I paint, I can take my mind off my work and off personal problems. I just think about my painting. I also like the challenge. I work all the time to improve my technique.
Another thing I like about painting is that it gives me something to hang on Practice Test 3-Answer Explanations the walls of my apartment! O f course, I only hang up the successful paintings. PART 3 Why do people have hobbies? I think the biggest reason people have hobbies is to relax. Another reason is that people have different kinds of interests, and hobbies give them a way to pursue those interests.
For example, I like art, so I paint as a hobby. People who like music might learn to play the guitar or sing in a local choir. Hobbies give people ways to express different aspects of their personalities and develop different abilities.
But another person might get a lot out of an activity like that.
Depending on the hobby, we can learn different things. People who garden as a hobby can learn about botany. People who play musical instruments can learn about music theory. We can learn about a lot of different things, depending on what our interests are.
Childhood is a time of trying out different things. By pursuing different kinds of hobbies, children can learn how to do different kinds of things. They can learn about the kinds of things that interest them, and they can discover which things are boring to them. This helps them develop a better sense of who they are. Tones Name: Harold 1 Address: Fulton Avenue, apartment 12 Type of service: Wrightsville Medical Group Occupation: Installation scheduled for: B park.
C school. B afternoon. C evening. B dance performance. C speech by the mayor. B Saturday. C Sunday. Questions 15— 20 Complete the chart1 below.
Saturday afternoon 15 show Saturday evening 16 by the lake Sunday afternoon Questions 2 4 -2 8 Where can the items listed below be found? A admissions office B counseling center1 C library. Questions 3 6 -4 0 Which characteristicsfit black bears and which fit grizzly bearsf Write A i f it is a characteristic o f black bears. Write B i f it is a characteristic o f grizzly bears. The Gulf Stream and Global Warming Labrador and London lie at about the same latitude, but Labrador is frigid and has only 30 miles of paved roads while London is one of the major centers1 of civilization.
The Gulf Stream that flows by the British Isles makes all the difference: Its warm waters make northwestern Europe so abundant with life that palm trees can actually grow on the southern shores of England. In the tropics, this water is warmed by the sun and becomes saltier because of the higher rate of evaporation in the heat.
The Gulf Stream divides as it travels, but the majority of the stream moves north and east. As it travels past Europe, the Gulf Stream warms the atmosphere, and the prevailing westerly winds bring the warmed air to all of northwestern Europe, making the area suitable for intense agriculture. After the Gulf Stream reaches southeast Greenland and western Iceland, much of the heat of the stream is gone, and the colder, denser water then sinks.
The bulk of the Gulf Stream is carried down toward the ocean floor into as many as seven large vortices, called chimneys. They suck the Gulf Stream waters down over a mile deep, where the water is then drawn into another dynamic ocean current. Almost 2 miles below the surface, this cold water current flows in reverse, from the north southward. Through the Schweser Institute, Kaplan Schweser also offers certification programs of its own.
In addition, Kaplan UK provides legal and professional training. In , Kaplan UK provided courses to approximately 50, students in accounting and financial services. Kaplan UK is headquartered in London, and has 21 training centers.
The university pathways business offers academic preparation programs for international students who wish to study in English-speaking countries. The KI English business provides English-language training, academic preparation programs and test preparation for English proficiency exams, principally for students wishing to study and travel in English-speaking countries. It operates a total of 37 English-language schools, with 19 located in the U. During , the English-language business served approximately 36, students for in-class English language instruction provided by Kaplan.
At the end of , these institutions enrolled an aggregate of approximately 6, students. During , the Higher Education and Financial divisions served more than 14, students from Singapore and 2, students from other countries throughout Asia.
Kaplan Professional provided short courses to approximately 55, professionals, managers, executives, and businesspeople in In Australia, Kaplan delivers financial services education and professional development courses, as well as higher education programs in business, accounting, hospitality, and tourism and management through Kaplan Business School.
In , this business provided courses to approximately 2, students through classroom programs and to approximately 43, students through online or distance-learning programs.